Most people make the common mistake of solely focusing on cleaning the teeth, neglecting the health of the gums in the process. It is essential to understand that it is the gums that hold a tooth firmly in its socket and therefore it is critical maintain optimal periodontal health as well.
Periodontal infections, if left untreated can ultimately lead to early loss of teeth and degeneration of the jaw bone. Two of the most common gum related conditions that are prevalent around the globe are Gingivitis and Periodontitis. Gingivitis refers to the swelling of the gum that results from the accumulation of calculus. Symptoms include sensitivity, redness, pain and occasional bleeding of the gums. This condition can be treated with the help of professional cleaning and maintenance of proper oral hygiene at home. If left untreated however, the condition can progress to a more aggressive form known as Periodontitis.
Periodontitis is not only restricted to the gum, but also affects the surrounding supporting structures of the teeth. Clinical presentation of this infection include swelling, frequent bleeding, severe pain, halitosis (unpleasant odor), recession of the gums, gingival pocketing, exposure of tooth roots, mobility and eventually, loss of teeth. An aggressive combination therapy that includes both, antibiotic as well as surgical intervention are required to effectively combat this condition.
In order to keep periodontal infections at bay, it is important to visit the dentist for routinely checkups and professional evaluation of gingival health. Correct techniques of brushing and flossing must be used to rid the teeth of plaque and bacteria at all times. The experts at Four Seasons Dentistry offer valuable consultation to all patients regarding the best ways of maintaining the ideal at-home oral hygiene regimen. Call today for a free Consultation