Your Guide to Tooth Extractions
Do you need to get a tooth extracted but are hesitant because you don’t know what it entails? This guide will explain the preparation needed, the procedure, and what to expect after the surgery.
Preparation for the Procedure
Your dentist will need to take an X-Ray of your mouth to see the best way to remove the tooth. You will need to provide your full medical and dental history as well as any medication you are currently taking. You may also need to take a course of antibiotics leading up to the procedure, either because you have an infection or some preexisting condition.
Depending on where the tooth is located, you may be given an intravenous (IV) anesthetic or local (at the point of the extraction) sedative. If you will be getting an IV, make sure to wear clothes with short sleeves or sleeves that can be easily rolled up.
If you need general anesthetic, your dentist may instruct you to not eat or drink anything eight hours before the operation. You also should not smoke the day of the operation, as this can cause an issue called dry socket.
If you have a cold or flu-like symptoms up to a week before the surgery, you need to notify your dentist as they may want to avoid anesthesia until you are healthy again. If you experience nausea or vomiting the night before the procedure, let your dentist know first thing in the morning, as the dentist may need to use a different anesthesia or reschedule the extraction.
The Tooth Extraction Procedure
If the tooth is above the gum line and can be seen, a simple extraction is performed. During the procedure, the dentist will loosen the tooth with an instrument called an elevator. Then the dentist uses forceps to remove the tooth. Most simple extractions can be done using local anesthetic.
A surgical extraction is a more complex procedure, which is carried out if the tooth has not broken through the gum line, or if the tooth has broken off at the gum line. The dentist will make a small incision into the gum, and may have to remove some of the bone around the tooth or cut into the tooth in order to remove it.
These procedures usually require the patient to receive a local anesthetic, and possibly also IV anesthesia. Some people, such as young children or patients with dental phobias may need general anesthesia.
During a tooth extraction, you can expect to feel pressure, but no pain. If you feel any pain or pinching, tell your dentist and they can adjust the anesthetic.
After the Procedure
After the extraction, someone will need to drive you home and stay there with you. It is very important to follow any post-surgery instructions. Nausea may be experienced, as well as fatigue. Soft foods are recommended for at least two days after the procedure.
Four Seasons Dental strives to ensure all patients who require a dental surgery are informed, comfortable and relaxed for their procedure. If you have put off having a tooth extracted because of a dental phobia, contact our Millcreek office, so that we can help you work through your fear and get the procedure you require.